The purpose of today’s class is to continue to make PST more sport-specific and individualized. After reviewing the Periodized Model of mental training and sport-specific examples of PST, we will focus on the mental training that occurs in the Competitive phase of the annual training plan: competition mental training exercises, focus plans and simulations.
Follow-up from Last Class
1. You should be able to recognize and/or name the sport sciences: BASS.
2. PST resources for your sport: write the name of a book or website on the blackboard.
3. How did mental training homework go?
4. Review of Periodization.
5. Present your sport-specific mental training exercise – as if you were explaining it to athletes right before actually doing it. Groups of 4, 2-3 min. per person, use hallway (one person to keep track of time).
Competition Phase Mental Training
1. Review Mental links to excellence – research basis for competition phase training: Orlick & Partington (1988) Mental Links to Excellence.
2. Simulations – squash examples:
Simulating different (championship)courts.
Simulating vocal crowds.
Simulating common match situations with a coach.
Why simulating crowds is important.
3. “Rituals” another example of “competitive” mental training.
4. Competition Evaluation Form: Squash Match Evaluation Form
1. Complete the Competitive Reflections Form we handed out in class, and then prepare a “rough draft” of your Focus Plan. Print it out and bring it to the next class prepared to show to your classmates. Here are some blank forms from Orlick’s (1986) book Psyching for Sport: Orlick (1986) Focus Plan Forms.Here is a Smith Squash Team Example: Focus Plan Form – Squash
2. Make a list of competitive conditions (at least five) that need to be simulated in practices and training for your sport and for your immediate context (e.g., for a Div. III team in your sport here at Smith).
3. Use your results from the TOPS questionnaire to determine which of Suinn’s “Seven Steps” mental skills you need to train (choose the two most critical). Download the appropriate mental exercises, complete the training on two separate days (minimum of 10 minutes) and complete the associated training log.
These exercises will be posted by Saturday at 4:00 p.m. :
Relaxation instructions: Relaxation (7Steps)
Positive Thought Control (Self-Talk) instructions: Positive (7 Steps)
Energy Control (activation) instructions: Activation (7 Steps)
Mental Rehearsal (Imagery) instructions: Imagery (7 Steps)
Concentration instructions: Concentration (7 Steps)
4. Read Ch. 11 in the text – Introduction to Psychological Skills Training. You do not have to read the sections on disability, sport to business/life, and performance profiling. Kirschenbaum’s Self-Regulation model as these items will not be on the midterm test.
1. Replication of Jackson et al. (2001).
2. Goal Setting (Ch. 15).